Pharma Article



Vaccination is one of the major success stories of modern medicine, greatly reducing the incidence of infectious diseases. (measles, and eradicating others, such as smallpox). Conventional vaccine approaches have not been as effective against rapidly evolving pathogens like influenza or emerging disease threats such as the Ebola or Zika viruses. RNA-based vaccines could have an […]

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LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES An idea towards energy sustainability


The global climate change crisis combines the impact of excessive use of fossil fuels. Replacing carbon-based fossil fuels with clean energy harvested from renewable resources (solar, wind, tidal, geothermal, and so on) is the only viable long-term solution to address climate change. Due to the intermittent nature of renewable energies, energy-storage solutions should be implemented. […]

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Artificial Leaf – A Blessing for Energy Crisis


The environmental and associated concerns including pollution, climate change, health issues, etc. All the environmental and associated concerns have drawn quite some attention globally over the years. While there is no mechanism to completely eliminate these challenges. A lot of efforts are being made worldwide to reduce the impact of these issues and build a […]

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What are Oxygen absorbers and How works?


Oxygen Absorbers or Oxygen buster are used to remove oxygen from a sealed container, creating a nitrogen environment for long-term food/ pharmaceutical product storage. Because air contains more than 78% nitrogen, more than 20% oxygen, and 1-2% water vapor and other gases also present at a very minimal percentage. Only Oxygen supports the growth of […]

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What is Pasteurization?


Pasteurization is a heat-treatment process that destroys pathogenic microorganisms in certain foods and beverages. The name comes from French Microbiologist Louis Pasteur. Louis Pasteur (in the 1860s) was demonstrated that abnormal fermentation of wine and beer could be prevented by heating the beverages to about 57° C (135° F) for a few minutes. The Purpose of […]

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What is Disinfectant and antiseptic? Disinfectants vs antiseptic


Disinfectant and antiseptic are widely used in industries (Mainly Pharmaceuticals and Food industries) and as well as in our house. Antiseptics and disinfectants are also used in the medical and healthcare industries. Surgeons, for instance, scrub themselves with antiseptics before operating. Various healthcare workers wash their hands with antiseptics in hospitals. The purpose of the uses of both agents is […]

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Why More Men are Dying from Coronavirus than Women?


The coronavirus is affecting in 213 countries in the world. Thousands of people are infected by coronavirus and thousands of people dead. But it is very interesting more Men are dying from coronavirus worldwide than women. The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that 63% of deaths related to COVID-19 in Europe have been among […]

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COVID-19 is a new disease so scientists are still learning how COVID-19 spreads. The COVID-19 spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose of infected personnel when he/ she coughs or sneezes. Mode of transmission of COVID-19 is two types:1.   Person to person spread2.   COVID-19 Spreads from contact with contaminated surfaces or objects: […]

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What are the COVID-19 Symptoms?


The most common Covid-19 symptoms are fever, tiredness and a dry cough. These COVID-19 symptoms may appear between the incubation period. COVID-19 Incubation Period The incubation period is the time period from the contract or exposure with a virus to the development of COVID-19 symptoms start. The incubation period of the coronavirus is expected to be […]

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What is Coronavirus? How Coronavirus can Enter into our Body?


What is Coronavirus? Coronavirus is the family member of Coronaviridae. It causes a broad spectrum of animal and human diseases.  The name coronavirus is come from the Latin word corona, meaning “halo” or “crown” because they’re covered in a pointed shell like a noble crown. Coronaviruses are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense RNA genome, but much more common for negative-sense RNA viruses […]

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